International Journal of Midwifery and Nursing Practice
2019, Vol. 2, Issue 1, Part A
Effectiveness of foot on post caesarean pain among mother’s who had caesarean section
JM Ashabiya, and Reeta Jebakumari Solomon
Background of the Study: Pain is the most common complication after caesarean section. The use of medication is the most common strategy for alleviating these problems. However the adverse effect of these drugs and lack of access to them for some patient, has led to an increase in use of non- pharmacological pain management such as reflexology. The aim of the study is a study to assess the effectiveness of foot reflexology on post caesarean pain among mothers who had caesarean section.
Material and Method: The design adopted was true experimental pretest posttest control group design. The simple random sampling technique was used to select the samples. The tool used for data collection procedures was numerical pain rating scale. Reflexology was administered to those in the experimental group for 5 times post operatively in first 24 hours. The mothers in control group received only the routine care for 24 hours.
Results: The study findings revealed that the mean pain score of the mothers in experimental group is 5.4, 5, 4, 2.4, 1.82 at 0, 6, 12, 18, 24 hours. Whereas in control group is 7.2, 6.2, 5.7, 5.3, 4.2 at 0, 6, 12, 18, 24 hours. There was a significant reduction in mean post test scores of post caesarean pain at 24 hours (MD =2.18., t=5.88., p<0.05) in experimental group was lesser than that of control group at 24 hours (MD=0.96., t = 2.43., p<0.05). In pretest most of mothers (80%) in experimental group had moderate pain and in control group more than half of them had severe pain. After reflexology it was surprising that (100%) of them had mild pain in experimental group and (70%) of them had moderate level of pain in control group. There is significant reduction of pain score in mothers of experimental group compared to the mothers in control group.
Conclusion: Reflexology has found to be an effective non – pharmacological pain management among mothers who had caesarean section