Knowledge and practices on prevention of malaria in a selected community of Nepal
Alisha Joshi, Anjila Joshi and Taniya Thapa
Introduction: Malaria is an infectious parasitic disease transmitted to humans through blood by the bite of female anopheles mosquito being one of the most important causes of morbidity and mortality globally, causing over a million deaths each year, and more than 90% of these occur in Africa and Asia with much suffering and death as well as social and economic problems.
Objective: We aim to assess the knowledge and practice on prevention of malaria so that necessary awareness programs could be recommended if found unsatisfactory.
Methods: A cross sectional descriptive study was done in ward-4 of Butwal sub- metropolitan city, Nepal among randomly selected 267 respondents who participated voluntarily in face to face interview that used structured questionnaire from 10th March to 15th April, 2018.
Results: The findings of the study revealed that nearly half (56.1%) had adequate knowledge and (66.1%) had adequate practice on prevention of malaria. Knowledge and practice of respondents regarding prevention of malaria had significant correlation of 0.54 at P < 0.05.
Conclusion: The present study leads to inference that the knowledge and practice is still not satisfactory regarding the prevention of malaria despite its various preventive and control measures.