A randomized controlled trial study to evaluate the effectiveness of lecture cum discussion followed by hands on skill programme on knowledge and skills of ANM students on episiotomy wound suturing in selected A.N.M training schools, Belgaum district, Karnataka
Sumitra R Awwakkanavar and Sangeeta N Kharde
Background of the study: Episiotomy is the commonest obstetric procedure and has become an integral part of normal delivery amongst the normal deliveries of the woman in labour. Women having their first baby needed to have episiotomies. Episiotomy rates differ according to care provider A thorough Knowledge and skills are necessary for cutting and repairing episiotomies and repairing various lacerations.
1.To assess the knowledge of A.N.M students in both study and control groups on episiotomy wound suturing.
2.To find out the skill of A.N.M students in both study and control groups on episiotomy wound suturing.
3.To evaluate the effectiveness of hands on skill programme of A.N.M students in both study and control groups on episiotomy wound suturing.
Methodology: In the present study research approach used was the evaluative approach. The study was conducted using pre-test post-test, and control group design. The conceptual framework for this study was developed by applying Ludwig Vonn Bertalanffy’s General System Theory. The study was conducted on 60 A.N.M Students (30 study group and 30 control group) undergoing A.N.M Students of selected A.N.M training Schools of Belgaum Institute of medical sciences (BIMS) AND J.G Hospital and research centre Ghataprabha. Belgaum Dist. Karnataka using simple random sampling by lottery method. Data was collected using a structured knowledge questionnaire and observational checklist. The data were tabulated and analyzed in terms of the objectives of the study, using descriptive and inferential statistics
Result: The study showed that the knowledge score mean difference (MD) in the study group was 10.7 and in the control group it was 9.7 in the pre–test. Lecture cum discussion was an effective method to gain knowledge about episiotomy wound suturing. The skill score MD was 11.1 in the study group and control group it was 2.43 in the post–test. Hence hands on skill programme helped in increasing skills in episiotomy wound suturing and study findings showed that there was a positive association between knowledge and skills in the study group (rxy=0.1). Therefore lecture cum discussion followed by hands on skill programme helped to gain knowledge and skill about episiotomy wound suturing among ANM students.
Conclusion: The study concluded that the study Lecture cum Discussion followed by the Hands on Skill Programme for A.N.M Students on episiotomy wound suturing was more effective to increase and update their knowledge.
Sumitra R Awwakkanavar, Sangeeta N Kharde. A randomized controlled trial study to evaluate the effectiveness of lecture cum discussion followed by hands on skill programme on knowledge and skills of ANM students on episiotomy wound suturing in selected A.N.M training schools, Belgaum district, Karnataka. Int J Midwifery Nurs Pract 2023;6(2):12-15. DOI: 10.33545/26630427.2023.v6.i2a.138